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Jun 12, 2023

Medial patellofemoral complex (MPFC) reconstruction plays an important role in the surgical treatment of patellar instability. Anatomic reconstruction is critical in re-creating the native function of the ligament, which includes minimizing length changes that occur in early flexion. Anatomic risk factors for patellar instability such as trochlear dysplasia, patella alta, and increased tibial tuberosity to trochlear groove (TT-TG) distance have been shown to influence the function of the MPFC graft in cadaveric studies, but the native length change patterns of the MPFC fibers in knees with anatomic risk factors have not been described.
In conclusion, the MPFC fibers demonstrated increased length changes in knees when a greater number of morphological risk factors for patellar instability were present, which worsened in the setting of nonanatomic configurations. This suggests that the function of the intact MPFC in patients with anatomic risk factors may not reflect previously described findings in anatomically normal knees. Further studies are needed to understand the pathoanatomy related to these changes, as well as the implications for graft placement and assessment of length changes during MPFC reconstruction techniques.
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